It was a time when the area that is now known as Bronx County was being colonized by Dutch and British farmers. In the 1950s and 1960s, public housing and a network of highways, such as the Major Deegan Highway, the Cross Bronx Highway, and the Bruckner Highway, were constructed to connect the Bronx to the rest of New York City. This period also saw the release of Escape from the Bronx, a 1983 film, and Escape 2000, an Italian B-series film that was featured in Mystery Science Theater 3000. Much of the street numbering in the West Bronx originates from Upper Manhattan, but it does not precisely match the numbering; East 132nd Street is the lowest street number in the Bronx.
The distribution of products in the metropolitan area and the rest of the East Coast made it easier to transport goods to industries that occupied new industrial parks in the Bronx, such as those along Bathgate and Zerega Avenues, and to fruit and vegetable vendors at the Hunts Point Food Market (196). The Bronx is home to several off-Broadway theaters, many of which showcase new plays by immigrant playwrights from Latin America and Africa. It is one of five boroughs that make up New York City and is the only district that is not on an island. Between the 1950s and 1960s, public housing and a network of highways were built that linked the rest of the city to the Bronx.
In the early 1980s, it was considered one of the most ruined urban areas in America, particularly in its South Bronx region where 60% of its population and 40% of housing units were lost. It is an accurate reflection on the history of the Bronx, considering that the cities that existed in the area before its annexation to New York City generally did not extend on either side of the Bronx River. In 1997, it was designated as a Pan-American City by the National Civic League in recognition of its resurgence from its decline in 1970s. Since then, it has always supported Democratic Party's presidential candidate.
Directly north of the Bronx are (from west to east) Yonkers, Mount Vernon, Pelham Manor, and New Rochelle - all part of Westchester County. The section that now lies within Bronx County originally formed part of Westchester County and parts of Yonkers, Pelham, and Eastchester. In 1895, all territory east of the Bronx River was annexed to New York City. Co-op City was built between 1968 and 1970 as one of largest housing complexes in world with 15,372 units housing sixty thousand people.
It is located in Northeast Bronx.